EMG (Electroneuromyography)

  • EMG is an examination consisting of two parts. It examines muscles and nerves.

  • In the first part of EMG; In the conduction study, it calculates how fast the nerves transmit. A very mild electrical stimulation is given to the nerve related to the electrode placed on the muscles.

  • There is no harm to the patient. This test is not performed only in patients with a pacemaker, as it may cause arrhythmia in the heart (arrhythmia).

  • In the second part of the EMG, very thin, specially made “disposable” needles that can be used and thrown away only by one patient are used. The necessary muscles are inserted with a needle and the activity of these muscles is checked. There is no electrical stimulation in this section. (Be careful in patients using blood thinners called “Coumadin”)

In Which Diseases Is EMG Performed?

  • It is applied to patients with a preliminary diagnosis such as low back and neck hernia, muscle diseases, motor neuron disease, neuropathies, nerve compression

  • Peripheral and cranial nerve injuries

  • Peripheral nerve compressions (entrapment neuropathies, carpal tunnel syndrome, cubital tunnel syndrome, tarsal tunnel syndrome, etc.)

  • Diagnosis of neck and waist hernias

  • Diseases that can impair the functions of peripheral and cranial nerves (diabetes, kidney failure, thyroid dysfunctions, etc.)

  • Facial paralysis diagnosis and follow-up

  • Diagnosis of muscle diseases (myopathy etc.)

  • Diagnosis of muscle-nerve junction diseases (myasthenia gravis etc.)

  • Diagnosis of spinal cord diseases with muscle wasting (ALS, polio, etc.)