Bronchoscopy is a test to see the airways and diagnose various lung diseases. The doctor passes an instrument called a bronchoscope through the nose or mouth and down the throat to reach the lungs. The bronchoscope is made of a flexible fiber optic material. The device has a light source and a camera. Most devices are compatible with color video, which helps the doctor view the findings.

Why is bronchoscopy done?

Using the bronchoscope, the doctor can see all the structures that make up the respiratory system. These are the lung, which includes the larynx, trachea, bronchi, and bronchioles. In addition, this test is performed for the following;

lung disease
Types of tumors
chronic cough
In addition, if there is an abnormal chest X-ray or CT scan showing signs of infection, tumor, or a narrowed lung, the doctor may request bronchoscopy.

The test is also sometimes used as a treatment tool. For example, through a bronchoscopy, the doctor may introduce medicine into the lungs or remove a foreign object in the airways.

How is bronchoscopy done?

Local anesthetic spray is applied to the nose and throat during bronchoscopy. Also, the doctor may prescribe a sedative to help the patient relax. Oxygen is usually given during this administration. General anesthesia is very rarely required

After the patient is relieved, the doctor places the device in the nose area. The device reaches the bronchi by passing through the nose and throat.

Brushes or needles may be attached to the bronchoscope to take tissue samples from the lung. These samples can help the doctor diagnose any lung disease that may be present.

The doctor may also use a process called bronchial washing to collect cells. This is done by spraying the saline solution onto the surface of the airways. Cells washed from the surface are then collected and examined under a microscope. If the airways are blocked, a stent may be needed to keep it open. A stent is a small tube that can be inserted into the bronchi with the device. When the doctor finishes examining the lungs, he removes the device again and finishes the procedure. After this procedure, it is necessary to avoid eating or drinking anything for 1.5-3 hours. This test can take an average of 25-30 minutes. After the test, breathing and blood pressure are monitored for a while. There may be temporary pain, hoarseness, and wheezing in the throat for a few days. No medication is needed for these symptoms.

Bronchoscopy is performed in our hospital.