What is Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation?

Physical therapy and rehabilitation: It is a branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of medical conditions that cause disability in all age groups, approaching acute and chronic problems such as musculoskeletal system problems, neurological diseases, chronic pain and cancer-related disability.

THINGS TO KNOW ABOUT PHYSICAL THERAPY

Frequently asked Questions:

1) How many hours does physical therapy take, how many sessions are applied?

Physical therapy lasts for 1-1.5 hours, in total 15-30 sessions are applied.

2) Are there any side effects of physical therapy?

Physical therapy does not have any side effects as long as it is performed with modern devices and trained specialists.

3) Do devices used in physical therapy emit radiation?

Some devices have a minimal level, but this dose is in a level that will not harm human health.

4) In which situations is physical therapy inconvenient?

It may be inconvenient in cases such as undiagnosed disease, microbial inflammatory conditions, active cancer or cancer suspicion, advanced heart and circulation problems, open wounds, loss of consciousness and sensation. For this reason, full information should be given to the physician about the current disease and complaints.

5) Can physical therapy be applied in cold seasons?

Physical therapy can be taken in all seasons. Reasonable prevention after treatment is sufficient in cold seasons.

6) Every patient who applies to a physical therapist is taken to physical therapy?

The physical therapist first examines the patient, determines the problems such as pain, loss of strength, joint limitation, diagnoses and directs the treatment if necessary.

 

Diseases diagnosed and treated in our unit

Neurological Diseases

— Stroke – Partial paralysis (hemiplegia, hemiparesis)

— Multiple sclerosis (MS)

— Cerebral palsy (CP)

— Spinal cord injuries (paraplegia, tetraplegia….)

— Brachial plexus injuries

— Parkinson’s

— Poliomyelitis (polio)

— Facial paralysis (Bell’s Palsy)

Rheumatic Diseases

— Disc hernias (lumbar-neck hernias)

— Osteoarthritis (calcification in the joints)

— Osteoporosis (bone loss/weakness)

— Fibromyalgia (widespread painful condition in the body)

— Rheumatoid arthritis (inflammatory rheumatism), Ankylosing spondylitis

— Arm, elbow, hand and wrist pain (nerve compression, tennis elbow, golfer’s elbow, carpal tunnel syndrome….)

— Foot and ankle pains (flat feet, hammer toes, hallux valgus….)

— Painful joint problems (shoulder and knee problems)

— Other rheumatic diseases (soft tissue rheumatism, tendinitis, joint and muscle strains..)

Orthopedic Diseases

— Sports injuries

—  Hip, knee and other joint prostheses

— Amputee rehabilitation

—  Muscle tears, adhesions, limitation of movement in the joint

— Post-operative rehabilitation with meniscus and ligament injuries

— Rehabilitation after fractures, dislocations, sprains

— Scoliosis (curvature of the spine)

A and B group diseases

  • Stroke – Partial paralysis (hemiplegia, hemiparesis)
  • Multiple sclerosis (MS)
  • Cerebral palsy (CP)
  • Spinal cord injuries (paraplegia, tetraplegia….)
  • Brachial plexus injuries
  • Parkinson’s
  • lymphedema

 

Stroke-Partial Paralysis

Paralysis, also known as stroke, is a very serious condition that develops as a result of the blockage of one of the vessels that provide blood flow to the brain due to different reasons, seriously restricting the daily life of the patient. In order to prevent permanent damage and disability in patients and to gain maximum independence, it is essential to receive good physical therapy in the early period.

Cerebral palsy (CP)

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a clinical condition that occurs in the developing brain for any reason, and is non-progressive, with motor and posture disorders, as well as cognitive, sensory and intelligence problems. Physical therapy has a very important place in supporting normal motor development, detecting independent functional movement and preventing secondary problems that may occur in children with CP.

lymphedema

lymphedema; It is the accumulation of lymphatic fluid in the intercellular tissue, causing swelling mostly in the arms or legs and sometimes in the trunk. Swelling that develops after exposure to radiation, trauma or infection after surgery, or sometimes after removal of lymph nodes for cancer treatment, such as breast cancer.