What is MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)?

Magnetic Resonance Imaging is a medical technique used to clearly distinguish certain anatomical structures from other structures, to detect and define the differences between healthy and diseased tissues, by using radio waves in a strong magnetic field created by large magnets.
Because it works with sound waves instead of X-rays, it is a method that can be used safely for diagnostic purposes even in very young babies and pregnant women (unless it is an absolute necessity in the first trimester of pregnancy).

 

What is the Preparation and Examination Process in MRI?

There is no need for extra preparation for MRI. Unless a warning is given to the contrary, the patient can come by eating their meals and taking their medicines.
The patient is required to fill out a form regarding his medical history for MRI. In addition, the patient will be affected by the magnetic field, watch, credit card, metal goods, etc. must remove materials before entering the MRI room.
If the bladder is full, urinate before the extraction unless told otherwise.
there is no problem.
Although the duration of the examination varies according to the extraction region and the disease, it is between 5 and 5
It takes between 45 minutes. The patient will be asked to remain still during this time. It should also be known by the patient that the slightest movement will cause deterioration in the images.
In some cases, specially designed MR contrast agents can be injected to improve image quality and increase the reliability of diagnosis. These drugs will help clarify the details of MR images.

 

In Which Situation Is MR Shot Performed?

  • MRI can be applied to different parts of the body for different purposes. In migraine, headaches, neurological disorders, in patients with suspected brain tumors, in patients with epileptic seizures, in patients with eye, ear and jaw joint problems, in the evaluation of joints and ligaments such as shoulder and knee, in patients with spinal problems, disc slippage and disc herniation, in sports injuries, in heart MR evaluation can be performed in diseases of the chest and abdomen, internal organ disorders, bone structure disorders.
  • Brain, eye, inner ear and ear structures Examinations of the head region such as the pituitary, jaw joint, cerebral artery and vein systems
  • Neck structure, larynx, pharynx, salivary glands, tongue and surrounding structures, Lungs, heart and major vessels associated with the heart
  • Intra-abdominal organs, lower abdomen
  • Spine pathologies in the neck, back and waist region
  • Examination of limbs and joints such as shoulders, arms, elbows, wrists, hands, hips, thighs, knees, legs, ankles and feet
  • Brain and neck vessels angiography
  • MRCP, MR pyelography
  • Kinematic studies
  • Whole body metastasis scan

 

In our hospital, there are 1.5 tesla power, 2017 model latest system closed MR and also open MR.

What is Computed Tomography?

Tomography is a form of diagnosis that provides a cross-sectional view of the patient’s area to be examined with the help of x-rays using computer technology.

 

What is the Benefit of Computed Tomography Compared to X-Ray?

With the computerized tomography (CT) technology, soft tissues that could not be seen before with conventional methods can now be easily visualized in detail. In this way, more precise and reliable results are obtained in diagnosis and diagnosis.

Dose adjustment can be made on the X-rays, so that bone structures and soft tissues can be examined separately.

 

How to Take a Tomography?

The computerized tomography device has a table on which the patient can lie down, as well as its electronics.

-The patient lies on the table without moving before the device is turned on.

-Computed tomography scan may vary depending on the patient’s problem or the area to be scanned. The table of the computerized tomography device on which the patient lies is inserted into the cavity of the device by manually or remotely controlled.

– While the x-ray source in the device rotates 360 degrees around the patient, the detectors detect the x-rays passing through the body and transfer the incoming data to the computer. It takes about 10 minutes to operate the device and take the tomography of the desired region, that is, the cross-sectional image.

-Depending on the condition of the disease, more detailed shots can be taken by injecting contrast material to clarify the pathology.

 

Computed tomography is used in the diagnosis of which diseases?

  • Examination of limbs and joints such as shoulders, arms, elbows, wrists, hands, hips, thighs, knees, legs, ankles and feet
  • Lungs, heart, and heart-associated great vessels
  • Examination of the head area such as the pituitary, jaw joint, cerebral artery and vein systems
  • Neck structure, larynx, pharynx, salivary glands, tongue and surrounding structures
  • Intra-abdominal organs, lower abdomen
  • Spine pathologies in the neck, back and waist region
  • Brain, eye, inner ear and ear structures
  • Brain and neck vessels angiography

 

Our hospital has a 2017 model GE brand tomography device equipped with superior technology.

 

x-ray

Digital Mammography

What is mammography?
A mammogram is a low-dose X-ray of the breast.

How Often Should Mammography Be Taken?
Women over the age of forty should have a mammogram every year or two and have a breast examination by a specialist physician every year.
Women over the age of 50 should have a mammogram and be examined by a physician every year.

What should be done when a mass is detected in the breast?
When a mass is detected in the breast, it should be investigated whether it is cancer or another disease. It should be emphasized that not every mass detected in the breast is cancer. Therefore, when a suspicious mass is detected in the breast, there is no need to be alarmed and panic. When a mass is detected in the breast, it is necessary to consult a physician and perform further tests such as mammography.

Why Is It Important to Have a Mammogram?
One out of every 10 women in their lifetime is diagnosed with breast cancer and one out of every 8 women dies from breast cancer. A mammogram is necessary for the early diagnosis of breast cancer.

 

Doppler Ultrasonography

What is Color Doppler Ultrasonography?

  • It is a specific examination of ultrasound and is used to examine vessels.
  • Doppler ultrasound provides information about intravascular blood flow.
  • With the help of Doppler, we can see intravascular clots, plaques and congenital malformations.
  • It helps the physician to decide for angioplasty according to the blood flow velocity in the veins.

 

What are Doppler Usage Areas?

  • Examination of the great vessels of the neck (stroke, dizziness, etc.)
  • Examination of the upper and lower extremity arterial system (vascular occlusions)
  • Examination of the upper and lower extremity venous system (varicose, clot-related obstruction)
  • Examination of intra-abdominal great vessels (expansion, contraction)
  • In male reproductive system diseases (varicocele, impotence)
  • Benign/malignant distinction of tumoral masses
  • Follow-up of child development during pregnancy

 

What is 4D Ultrasound?
The expression 4D refers to the simultaneous display of 3D images of the baby in the womb, like photo frames, during shooting.

What is the Image Quality of 4D Ultrasound?

  • 4D ultrasound image quality is much better than standard 2D ultrasounds, and details in tissues can be separated just like in an MRI device.
  • With 4-dimensional ultrasound, movements such as frowning, laughing, yawning, thumb sucking can be monitored instantly and quickly.

 

  • Who Makes 4D Ultrasound?
    Since four-dimensional ultrasound requires manipulation, it can be used by Radiology and Gynecology and Obstetrics Specialists who are experts in their field.
  • What are the Advantages of 4D Ultrasound Compared to Classical Ultrasounds?
  • With 4-dimensional ultrasound devices, early diagnosis of diseases caused by gender, cleft palate, cleft lip, missing finger, brain and spinal cord can be made in the very early period of pregnancy.
  • “Mongolism” (Down Syndrome) seen with nuchal thickness measurement can be scanned in the 3rd month thanks to 4D ultrasound. For these reasons, four-dimensional ultrasounds are more preferred than traditional 2D ultrasounds.
  • In addition to the traditional two-dimensional examination feature, 4-dimensional ultrasound includes both color doppler and third-dimensional features, giving families the opportunity to learn about gender from the fourth month onwards.

Can good images be obtained with 4D Ultrasound in every examination?
Satisfactory performance of 4-dimensional ultrasound can be achieved by the adequacy of the water around the baby, which we call the amnion, and the appropriate position of the baby’s organ to be seen.

In Which Subjects 4D Ultrasound Is Important In Diagnosis And Diagnosis
Does it Own a Place?

  • Determining the sex of the baby at an earlier period (depending on the appropriate position)
  • Developmental analysis of the baby
  • Detailed evaluation of multiple pregnancies
  • Diagnosis of structural problems of the uterus
  • Detection of anomalies that may occur in the placenta
  • Diagnosing the causes of abnormal bleeding
  • Diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy
  • Diagnosis of ovarian tumors and fibroids
  • Determination of the location of the placenta

 

What is Ultrasound?

Ultrasound is the imaging of internal organs by sending high-frequency sound waves to the body. The returning waves appear as live images on the device.

The ultrasound device works with a mechanism based on the principle of propagation and reflection of sound waves at different speeds in tissues of different densities.

Largest Compared to Other Imaging Examinations of Ultrasound

What is the advantage?

  • The most important feature of ultrasound is that it is noninvasive (doesn’t harm the patient) and is generally painless, simple, easy to use, inexpensive, readily available everywhere, and does not contain radiation.
  • Needle biopsy can be performed under ultrasound guidance, but ultrasound does not show gas-filled organs and bone tissue.
  • Another positive feature is that the image obtained is real-time, that is, the image can be viewed instantly on the monitor screen while the operation is being performed.

 

What are the Uses of Ultrasound?

  • Child’s development and health monitoring throughout pregnancy
  • Neck examination (especially thyroid gland diseases)
  • Liver diseases, gallstones and diseases
  • Kidney stones and diseases, urinary bladder diseases
  • In diseases of the female reproductive system
  • In male reproductive system diseases (prostate, penile scrotum)
  • Some types of cancer screening, infection diagnosis
  • heart examination
  • orbit
  • Superficial tissue, breast, hip joint examinations

 

Bone Densitometry (Bone Density Measurement)

What is Bone Densitometry?

It is a measurement of bone density. The device measures bone density using low-dose X-ray and computer.

What is Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a skeletal disease that leads to an increased risk of bone fracture as a result of decreased bone mass and deterioration in the microscopic structure of bone tissue. Calcium loss, which is common in everyone, causes this disease. Lost bone cannot be recovered, but if early diagnosis is made, it can be stopped where it is. It happens in women due to menopause. However, it can also be seen in young people and men for various reasons.

What is the Bone Structure?

Like other tissues of our body, bone is a living tissue. It consists of two parts, the hard layer and the spongy layer.

How does bone structure change with osteoporosis?

In the early stages, the compact (hard) layer of the bone becomes thinner, the spaces in the spongy layer become larger. Later, fractures occur in bones that weaken in advanced age.

 

What Are the Consequences of Osteoporosis?

When the back bones lose their form, short stature and hunchback develop. With a slight trauma, hip-wrist spine fractures occur.

What are the Symptoms of Osteoporosis?

In general, there are no symptoms and pain until fractures occur, but in some people, it can cause bone pain that is mistaken for rheumatism in advanced ages.

Who is in the Risk Group for Osteoporosis?

  • Those who do not take enough calcium foods (milk and milk products) in their daily diet
  • People of all age groups who eat irregularly
  • Diabetics
  • Those who pass kidney stones and other kidney patients
  • Those who use cortisone drugs, some anti-acid stomach drugs and tranquilizer drugs for a long time
  • Those who use excessive tea, coffee, smoking, alcohol
  • Those with a genetic predisposition
  • Those who have given birth to more than two
  • women in menopause
  • Men over the age of 50 are at risk for osteoporosis.

How Is Osteoporosis Diagnosed?

Today, even bone losses at very low rates such as 1% are diagnosed by BONE DENSITOMETRY measurement.